ZERO WASTE is the recycling of all materials back into nature or the marketplace in a manner that protects human health and the environment.



Excerpts of March 25, 1999 letter to Lynn Landes from Lucy Speight, Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Coordinator, Office of Solid Waste, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA):

"This is in response to your Freedom of Information Act request of March 6, 1999 regarding State Plans/Plan Approval. I have enclosed the most recent list of the status of State solid Waste Management Plans. Please note that the list is dated 1987. The State plans were developed using EPA grant funds and the last State grants for this purpose were issued in 1981. More detailed information on the State plans is available from the Regions you are interested in obtaining."


C. State Solid Waste Management Plans - Status as of 5-21-87 / Contact: James Micnael

1. States with EPA-approved plans. (25)

  • Alabama
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Connecticut
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Guam
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Pennsylvania
  • Puerto Rico
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Virgin Islands

2. States with EPA-partially approved plans. (6)

  • Delaware
  • Nebraska
  • North Dakota
  • Oregon
  • Washington
  • Wisconsin

3. State with plans ADOPTED and submitted to EPA for review. (12)

  • American Samoa
  • Colorado
  • Idaho
  • Kansas
  • Maine
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • Rhode Island
  • South Dakota
  • Vermont

4. States with DRAFT plans under review by State or EPA. (10)

  • Hawaii
  • Maryland
  • Nevada
  • New York
  • Northern Marianas
  • South Carolina *
  • Utah
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
  • Wyoming

5. States that have not submitted a plan. (3)

  • Alaska
  • District of Columbia (No Subtitle D Program)
  • New Mexico (No Subtitle D Program)


  • EPA-approved 'state plans' does not mean that the plans are in compliance with the requirements of the Solid Waste Disposal Act.

  • EPA is responsible for the enforcement of 'state plans,' as well as information on their current  status, regardless of funding availability. In fact, the time line in the 1976 Solid Waste Disposal Act gives the states until approximately 1980 to have their plans developed and implemented, AND provided funding for that time period. Notice that in the passage above, EPA is attempting to pass responsibility for information regarding state plan status to the EPA regional offices, plus use lack of funds as a reason to stop enforcement.  

  • List below received from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) by ZWA March 25, 1999. Reprinted by ZWA.

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